View our garden in detail. Virtual tour
Beyond the Hotel building, where tradition and modernity fuse, enter a world of high Japanese aesthetics refined through a coexistence with nature. From boating on the pond to viewing cherry blossoms, admiring the moon to marvelling at the snow, and enjoying traditional tea parties to lavish banquets, your experiences in our garden will deepen your sense of history and culture in Kyoto.

Style and Architecture

Trees, Shakusuien garden around pond under Four Seasons Hotel Kyoto building

The Shakusui-en pond garden is long and narrow, extending from west to east, where the Higashiyama Mountains come in to view. The pond garden is divided into two parts: Oike (large pond) and Koike (small pond). A stone bridge separates the two, with remnants of an old stone waterfall visible on the small pond side. The large pond features an Oshima (large island) to the east and a Koshima (small island) in the centre.


In this ancient capital, Higashiyama stands out as the location of many other world-renowned shrines and temples, and held a special significance for Japanese military leaders such as Taira Clan from the Heian period (794–1185) and Hideyoshi Toyotomi from the Azuchi-Momoyama period (1573–1600). Shakusui-en is believed to be the garden of the villa Komatsu-dono, belonging to Taira no Shigemori (1138–1179) due to the characteristics consistent with the end of the Heian period that can be seen in the garden design and the description from the Tale of Heike. Although renovated around the turn of the 18th century in the Genroku era of the Edo period, Shakusui-en remains one of the few gardens created at the end of Heian period, the peak of Imperial Japan.


  • Stone and Glass Bridges
  • Waterfall
  • Jizo and Pagoda
  • Wildlife
Large and Small Islands
Near Oshima (large island), you will see five Yodomari-ishi arranged in a row. On the surface, these look like a single stone, but in fact, two are joined underwater in the shape of a human form, a method of stone assembly that dates back to the early Heian period. In addition, you can see several islands made of stones called “gantou” near the Koshima (small island). Created by erosion from the island, these stones are believed to have been part of a stone retaining wall that researcher Mirei Shigemori linked to traces of the old garden.
Symbolic in nature, Yodomari-ishi (also pronounced as Yahakuseki) is a group of five stones lined up near Oshima (large island) to represent sailboats anchored at night that are bound for Horai Island to seek treasure. Horai Island is an imaginary island where immortals dwell in Chinese mythology. You can also see Yodomari-ishi in Kyoto’s gardens of Saiho-ji Temple, Kinkaku-ji Temple (Golden Pavilion) and Daikaku-ji Temple.
Stone and Glass Bridges
The stone bridge that now divides the large and small ponds is part of the garden’s ancient heritage. To preserve its archaeological significance for future generations, a special bridge of tempered glass has been built around it, enabling visitors to see the stonework below.
The waterfall was restored by using original stones and existing stonework based on the garden researcher Mirei Shigemori’s measured map and his study from the 1930s. Renewing the water circulation system, such as adjusting the amount of groundwater flowing into the pond and relocating the water source point, aided to improve the water quality and bring back the waterscape in great condition as it was before.
Jizo and Pagoda
Jizo is a statue believed to be full of compassion and fortitude used for protection as a guardian. According to our neighbourhood temple, Myoho-in Temple, Jizo has been in our garden since the middle of the Edo era (1603–1868). The pagoda has been on the Oshima (large island) for almost a century.
Garden Wildlife
Carp, turtles, dragonflies, ducks, crayfish, and herons can be seen in our Shakusui-en pond garden.
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Tea House – Traditions and Cultures through our Sukiya-style Tea House