Named for the cathedral that dominates the city, Piazza del Duomo is Milan's centre square.

Photography Maximilian Guy McNair MacEwan

Milan’s panorama showcases classic Liberty and Neoclassical styles alongside modern skyscrapers by high-profile architects like Zaha Hadid and Daniel Libeskind. Nothing outshines the Duomo, the shimmering marble cathedral which marks the city’s centre. Luckily, the Duomo is close to a collection of other marvels, including the 14th-century Sforza Castle and the delicate beauty of Leonardo da Vinci’s masterly Last Supper, a fresco on a historic church’s refectory wall. Take in all of the city’s art and architecture on a scenic morning walk.

Duomo and Piazza del Duomo

The icon of Milanese architecture, the Duomo features 3,400 sculptures on and around its many spires.

Photography Michela Ravasio

Constructed in six centuries, the Duomo was built with 325,000 tons of marble and features 3,400 sculptures on and around its many spires. The Gothic cathedral’s pink- and grey-hued Candoglia marble was ferried in on a system of canals engineered by da Vinci. Today, if you stand on the corner of Via Manzoni and look down Via Senato, you’ll see a mound in the road where a bridge once stood.

Palazzo Reale

Behind the exquisite iron gates of Palazzo Reale, once Milan's Royal Palace, you'll find some of the city's most impressive art exhibitions.

Photography Stock Italia / Alamy Stock Photo

Flanking the right side of the Dumo’s façade is the Palazzo Reale. In its more than 600 years, the building has been damaged by fires and even suffered bombings during WWII. After extensive restorations, Palazzo Reale is now a museum, hosting some of Milan’s biggest art exhibitions. It’s easy to imagine the Italian nobility who once lived in this former royal palace strolling around its expansive inner courtyard. An aristocratic air still surrounds its sweeping stone staircases, lofty vaulted ceilings, original wall tapestries and even the Giacomo Literary Café, located on the ground floor.

Once Milan’s political epicentre, today the Palazzo Reale plays host to major cultural events.

Photography Antony SOUTER / Alamy Stock Photo

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Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II

At the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, two iron and glass-covered walkways intersect at an octagonal, central piazza filled with shops and eateries.

Photography Bildagentur-online/McPhoto-Weber / Alamy

Dazzling mosaics decorate the floors of the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II, the world’s oldest shopping mall, but the real beauty is in the glass-vaulted ceiling’s intricate metalwork. Constructed in the late 1800s in order to connect Piazza del Duomo and Piazza della Scala, today the mall is home to Italy’s grande fashion names – Gucci even has a café attached to its boutique. Here, you’ll also find some of Milan’s most famous eateries. Take your espresso in Zucca and people-watch the afternoon away.

Teatro alla Scala

Opened in 1778, Teatro Alla Scala did not undergo major renovations until 2002.

Photography Riccardo Sala / Alamy Stock Photo

Take the Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II to Piazza alla Scala and arrive at one of the city’s most prized cultural treasures, the La Scala theatre. Framed by the red velvet curtains, the world’s music, opera and ballet greats have performed on La Scala’s famed stage. Tour the opulent theatre when its stage is empty (best to secure your spot on the tour at least a week in advance), or see it in action shoulder to shoulder with Milan’s elite. If you do attend a live show, be prepared for La Scala’s vocal crowd, which famously boos bad performances off the stage.

Castello Sforzesco and Pinacoteca di Brera

Castello Sforzesco has undergone a number of historic preservations since being returned to the city of Milan, most recently after the bombings of August 1943.

Photography AGF Srl / Alamy Stock Photo

Dragons and princesses departed from this medieval castle centuries ago, leaving behind a grassy moat and a knight’s full suit of armour. Today, paintings and sculptures by artists including Tintoretto and Canaletto can be found inside Castello Sforzesco’s museums, as can one of da Vinci’s manuscripts. Walk 10 minutes east of the castle through the charming streets of Brera to arrive at Milan’s major public gallery, the Pinacoteca di Brera. Its formidable collection of paintings spans four centuries and includes the moving Pietà by Giovanni Bellini.

Cimitero Monumentale

Dotted with elaborate tombs and statues, the Cimitero Monumentale (Milan’s Monumental Cemetery) offers peaceful contemplation away from the city. A picturesque 20-minute walk northeast from Arco della Pace, the cemetery is like an al fresco museum, featuring works by Italy’s contemporary and classic sculptors as well as Greek temples, obelisks and a scaled-down version of Trajan’s Column. The tombs, which belong to noted industrialist dynasties, were designed by some of Italy’s most famed artists, including Giò Ponti.

Santa Maria delle Grazie

Inside the Santa Maria delle Grazie church, less than 25 people are permitted to view Leonardo da Vinci’s Last Supper at one time.

Photography PAINTING / Alamy Stock Photo

The stories that surround the Last Supper (or Il Cenacolo as it’s known in Italian) are almost as captivating as the work itself, which covers an enormous wall of the old dining hall in the Santa Maria delle Grazie church. During heavy bombing in 1943, the wall boasting the painting remained intact while the surrounding structure crumbled. Many decades later, the deteriorating work was restored to its original beauty and is now kept under climate-controlled conditions.

Basilica di Sant’Ambrogio and the Biblioteca Ambrosiana

The crypt of Milan’s patron saint Ambrose rests in the Basilica di Sant’Ambrogio, a church which he built in the fourth century. Beyond its heavy bronze doors, the Basilica reveals a ribbed vaulted ceiling and a decorative canopy with glittering Byzantine Lombard mosaics, supported by four ancient Roman columns and holding court above a gold altar. Head 15 minutes east from the Basilica to find Biblioteca Ambrosiana, a library filled with artworks by Raphael and Caravaggio as well as da Vinci’s Atlantic Codex drawings.

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